Lihong QIAO is a professor and chairman in the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering at BeiHang University (BUAA), China. She obtained her Bachelor degree in Beijing Institute of Technology and both her Master and Ph.D Degree in BUAA. She has been a guest researcher in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Her research interests are in product development engineering, product life-cycle management, integrated product and process design, and intelligent manufacturing and manufacturing systems. She has been in charged of a number of research projects founded by the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the national high-tech projects and industrial ministries of China. Her recent research involves in the key technologies in product lifecycle management, unified product information modeling, model-based product and process definition, information integration for application systems including PDM, CAD/CAPP, MES and ERP. She is now a member of Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization (SISO). Prof. Qiao has conducted several international collaboration and exchange projects which were support by the NSFC and other sources.
Process Planning and Supply Chain Integration: Implications for Design Process
Collaborative production among multiple enterprises have become inevitable for complex product development, typically in aeronautical and astronautical engineering. There are more complex links among product design, manufacturing process and production supply chain. In order to achieve their interoperation and collaboration, it is critical to transmit the information among those processes correctly and in good time. An initial complete product definition in design process can contribute to this purpose. This paper presents the impact of process planning and supply chain design integration on product design process from three perspectives: design modeling, design methodology and design environment. A sevice-based collaborative framework for design process is addressed. In the design environment, a unified product information model and model-based information representation are the basis of design, and design for manufacturing and design for supply chain methods, as well as design validation by simulation are adopted. Thus effective integration of product design, process planning and supply chain design can be accomplished to sustain lifecycle information integration and consistency throughout product development processes.
Debasish (Deba) Dutta is Dean of the Graduate College at University of Illinois Urbana Champaign where he is also Gutgsell Professor of Mechanical Science and Engineering.
His research interests include solid modeling, computer aided design, computer aided manufacturing, and global product development and lifecycle management. He serves on five editorial boards, is the past chair of two ACM Solid Modeling Symposia (1999 and 2001), the past chair of ASME Design Automation Conference (1997) and the co-founder of the International PLM Conference series. A Fellow of ASME, Dutta is a member of AAAS, ASEE and SME. He received his PhD from Purdue University.
GLOBAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
Co-located design teams or monolithic software tools can no longer manage the growing complexity and variety of knowledge required to develop products.
Global Product Development (GPD) deals with products for multiple markets and their globally distributed development. Companies have embraced this model to increase market share, utilize worldwide resources, accelerate product development and penetrate regional markets, ultimately focusing on better quality products at lower costs with shorter turnaround. One of the key requirements for effective GPD is the unification of its constituent activities. This is best achieved by embracing Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) as a business strategy that views all the activities as one product-centric enterprise, and not a set of silo-ed processes. Utilizing emerging software technologies in areas, such as knowledge management and web-based collaboration to facilitate innovation through integration, PLM seeks to bring about product data interoperability and seamless collaboration between various functions of the enterprise. This presentation will consider key PLM activities, particularly semantic interoperability, within Global Product Development.
Peihua Gu is Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, the University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Since 2005, he has been seconded to Shantou University for a five-year term, initially as Dean of Engineering and Vice President (Research), and now as Provost and Vice President (Academic), Shantou University.
Priori to the secondment, Prof Gu was Head of the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, the University of Calgary from 1999-2005 and holder of NSERC Chair in Life Cycle Design Engineering from 2000 to 2006. He was Associate Dean (Research), Faculty of Engineering, from 1997 to 1999. He was twice awarded design and research Chairs by the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). He is an elected Fellow of Canadian Academy of Engineering and Fellow of International Academy of Production Engineering-CIRP.
His main research contributions in design and manufacturing research include establishment of adaptable design method; development o some unique technologies in surface modelling and inspection; and research in fabrication of products with locally controlled properties and multi-materials and multi-process deposition method. He is an author and co-author of about 200 technical papers and 2 books. According to SCI record, his journal publications received over 700 citations (H Index=16).
Prof Gu has been active in services. He served as Chair and member of NSERC Grant Selection Committee for Industrial Engineering. He was a member of Advisory Board of Integrated Manufacturing Technology Institute, National Research Council of Canada from 2001-2006. He was an independent member of Board of Directors for Circa Enterprises from 2000-2004. He is an Associate Editor and Member of Editorial Boards for over 10 Technical Journals. He served as Chair, Vice Chair and Member of Committees for a number of international conferences.
General Adaptable Product Design
Increasing competitions in the global marketplaces require products with better functionality, higher quality, lower cost, and shorter delivery time and less or no environmental impacts. Since about 80 percent of the product life-cycle costs are determined at the early design stages, many design methodologies have been developed for improving product design. Adaptable design is a new design approach for developing adaptable products to satisfy various requirements of customers. Adaptable design emphasizes the adaptability of products to allow products and systems to be modified to satisfy changes in functional requirements, thus improve competitiveness of products. In addition, the waste created at the end of the product life-cycle can also be reduced due to the decreased number of products required, thus improving protection of the environment. This paper examines the nature and characteristics of the adaptable design method by comparing it with the existing design methodologies. This paper also provides details to discuss the key elements in adaptable design. Research and industrial applications are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the adaptable design method.
Chris McMahon is Professor of Engineering Design and Director of the Innovative Design and Manufacturing Research Centre at the University of Bath in the UK. He is Vice-President and member of the Board of Management of the Design Society, Fellow of the UK Institution of Mechanical Engineers and Member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He has been active in the organisation of several design-related conferences, and he serves on the editorial boards of a number of design-related journals. He has published numerous articles in journals and conferences, has edited several books and has written a widely-used textbook on CADCAM. His current research interests are in application of computers to the management of knowledge, information and uncertainty in engineering design, and to design automation.
The Multiple Traditions of Design Research
Chris McMahon, University of Bath
Design research has developed strongly in recent years, but is divided among several research traditions: research in product and industrial design in centred in art and design disciplines; engineering design is researched strongly from mechanical and manufacturing perspectives, and to a lesser extent in other engineering disciplines; innovation management is an important topic in management research; there are contributions from psychology, from the history of technology, technology policy, human computer interaction and from many other domains. The diversity of research in design is both a strength and a weakness. This presentation will present an overview of the diverse approaches in the different communities, and of the similarities and differences in their perspectives. It will use network analysis to explore the interactions between the communities. It will argue that to strengthen design research the diverse traditions need to come together to form an integrated view on design research, in particular for industry and the wider community.
Nam Pyo Suh
Dr. Nam Pyo Suh is the President of the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). Previously, he had been at MIT since 1970, where he was the Ralph E. & Eloise F. Cross Professor, Director of the Park Center for Complex Systems, and the Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering from 1991 to 2001. During the period 1984-1988, Professor Suh accepted a Presidential Appointment to serve as the AD for Engineering at the National Science Foundation. Dr. Suh has received many awards and honors. He received seven honorary doctoral degrees from universities in four continents. He also received many awards, including the 2009 ASME Medal, the General Pierre Nicolau Award of CIRP, NSF Distinguished Service Award, Ho-Am Prize, the Mensforth Medal of IEE and the Hills Millennium Award of IED of the United Kingdom, the Pony Chung Award of the Chung Foundation, the Inchon Award of the Inchon Memorial Foundation. He is the author of over 300 papers and seven books, holds more than 70 patents, and edited several books.
Design of On-Line Electric Vehicle (OLEV)
To minimize the greenhouse effect caused by emission of CO2, many automobile manufacturers are developing battery-powered automobiles that typically use re-chargeable lithium polymer (or ion) batteries. However, the future of these battery-powered electric cars is less than certain. The re-chargeable lithium batteries are heavy and expensive with a limited life. Furthermore, Earth has only about 10 million tons of lithium, enough to put one battery system in each vehicle in use today worldwide. This paper presents a new design concept for an alternate electric car – On- Line Electric Vehicle (OLEV). OLEV draws its electric power from underground electric coils without using any mechanical contact. The maximum efficiency of power transmission over a distance of 17cm is 72%. OLEV has a small battery, which enables the vehicle to travel on roads without the underground electric coil. Batteries are recharged whenever OLEV draws electric power from the underground coils and thus, do not require expensive separate charging stations. The infrastructure cost of installing and maintaining OLEV is less than those required for other versions of electric vehicles.This paper presents the overall design concept of OLEV.
Serge Tichkiewitch got in 1974 his engineer diploma in Mechanical Engineering at "Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Métiers" (Paris), in 1980, the title of doctor engineer from ENSAM and in 1989 his qualification to manage PhD thesis (Habilitation).
He got a position of Master of Conferences in 1980 in ENS Cachan and a position of full professor in 1990 at "Grenoble Institute of Technology" where he is always active. He was Director of the school of engineers in Industrial Engineering and Management, from 1997 to 2002.
In 1992, Prof. Tichkiewitch created the "Integrated Design" team in the Laboratory of Soils, Solids, Structures. This team worked on the design theory and integrated design. In 2006, Prof. Tichkiewitch took the head of a consortium regrouping 3 other research teams in Grenoble to create the 1st January 2007 the new laboratory G-SCOP (Grenoble's Sciences for Design, Optimization and Production).
Prof. Tichkiewitch has mainly been at the creation and the animation of regional, national and international networks:
- In 1989, with an initial group of 5 engineer's schools, he created the French network PRIMECA and became its first General Director. AIP-PRIMECA is always today the leader of the IDMME series of conferences (biannual).
- In 1996, he take the head of the Technical and Scientific Committee of the regional "Pôle Productique Rhône-Alpes", and organized many multi-disciplinary summer schools in Knowledge management, Economy for the enterprises, Collaborative design, Communicating Enterprise, ...
- In 1998, he assisted their Romanian colleagues to create the "Romanian Society of Mecatronics", a clone of the French network PRIMECA with seven universities (Bucharest, Timisoara, Cluj-Napoca, Iasi, Brasov, Constanta, Craiova)
- In 1999, he created a triangular relation between the King Mongkut's Institute of Technology North Bangkok in Thailand, the University of Danang in Vietnam and the G-SCOP lab.
- From 1999 to 2004, he was at the head of the Virtual Research Laboratory working group of the CIRP (The International Academy for Production Engineering) with a mission to submit an application to the FP6 as a network of excellence. With a ranking of 2 for 95 applicants, VRL-KCiP network started in June 2004 for a 4 years duration and a grant of 6,3 M€. As General Director of the VRL-KCiP network, Serge Tichkiewitch has transformed the network in EMIRAcle, an association of the Belgium law, in order to integrate the different 20 research teams in a real legal structure.
Prof. Tichkiewitch has conducted 17 PhD theses, has been investigator for more than 120 defenses of thesis, is editor for 8 books and more than 150 papers in International Journal, Invited lectures in International Conference, chapters of books or proceedings.
Recognized as senior researcher by his peers, he is referee or member of the editorial board for 17 international journals. He is also expert for the evaluation of research for many foreign governments (Quebec, Italy, South Africa, The Netherlands, and European Commission). He has been nominated as Doctor Honoris Causa of the Polytechnic University of Bucharest and of the King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok, and is Honorific Professor of the University Polytechnic of Timisoara.
Method and tools for the effective knowledge management in product life cycle
G-SCOP et EMIRAcle
The analysis of the factors linked to the life cycle of a product shows the need of the integration of the actors acting in this cycle and of their different cultures. For such integration, the concurrent engineering has to use a multi-view cooperative integrated design modeller taking into account a product model and an activity model. This modeller must be linked with a knowledge management system.
This paper presents three examples of industrial application of integrated design in the sectors of automotive, metallurgy and wood furniture's.